Kern Your Enthusiasm (15)
By: Chika Azuma | Categories: Codebreaking, Enthusiasms, Spectacles

kumon pre-k

One of 25 installments in a series of posts analyzing and celebrating a few of our favorite (and least favorite) typefaces.

KUMON WORKSHEET | UNKNOWN | c. 1970s?

When my son was 3 he was kinda bilingual — more fluent in Japanese than English — because we speak Japanese at home, and because his English-speaking friends moved away to a more “family-friendly” neighborhood. Three months before he was to enter Pre-Kindergarten, my son made an announcement that he no longer wished to play with non-Japanese-speaking friends. So I immediately took him to a Kumon learning center located four blocks from our apartment.

I had modest ambitions. All I wanted was for my son to gain a little confidence in English before entering school. But after meeting with the instructor for parent orientation — at which she served up a smorgasbord of success stories and encouragement — I started to fantasize that my son would be reading the Frog and Toad books on his own before entering Kindergarten.

He started from the very bottom level, which works like this: Two times a week the student attends the learning center. The instructor points to a word on a worksheet and reads it aloud; then the student repeats the word and pointing. There’s also homework: a booklet of 20 worksheets a day where I, the parent, point and read in place of the instructor. The worksheet is the heart and soul of Kumon learning. Kumon says that the worksheets have been carefully studied and “designed” by experts. Mr. Toru Kumon himself was a father, a high school math teacher who created worksheets for his son who was failing math in school. The worksheets were made by a real parent. What’s not to like?

The homework was new and fun for both of us, at first. But after a couple of weeks I was increasingly annoyed. Not because my son was busy doing all sorts of damn cute things — like making a long nose with his arm when he recognized the word “elephant” — instead of repeating the words. I was annoyed because I hated the Kumon worksheets. Specifically, the typography drives me crazy. I’m disgusted by the faux Futura — and the kerning is unforgivable. As far as ligature goes, its nonexistent.

What was more disturbing was that after eight weeks my son was getting it. He was starting to read. A sane parent would be happy at this point, but all I felt was guilt. I was making him read words that one of his toy trucks can drive through, literally. So I made him quit. It’s madness, I know. He’s maybe the only child in the world to drop out of Kumon because Mommy felt that their worksheet, despite its effectiveness, goes against her typography values.

A year later, my son plays with his classmates in whatever language they speak. He can read and spell some simple words. (“Fat! f-a-t fat!”) He likes to borrow books from school; his current favorite is My Mouth is A Volcano. Now if only he could remember to write his name from left to right…

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2014: KERN YOUR ENTHUSIASM (typefaces): Matthew Battles on ALDINE ITALIC | Adam McGovern on DATA 70 | Sherri Wasserman on TORONTO SUBWAY | Sarah Werner on JOHNSTON’S “HAMLET” | Douglas Wolk on TODD KLONE | Mark Kingwell on GILL SANS | Joe Alterio on AKZIDENZ-GROTESK | Suzanne Fischer on CALIFORNIA BRAILLE | Gary Panter on SHE’S NOT THERE | Deb Chachra on FAUX DEVANAGARI | Peggy Nelson on FUTURA | Tom Nealon on JENSON’S ROMAN | Rob Walker on SAVANNAH SIGN | Tony Leone on TRADE GOTHIC BOLD CONDENSED NO. 20 | Chika Azuma on KUMON WORKSHEET | Chris Spurgeon on ELECTRONIC DISPLAY | Amanda French on DIPLOMA REGULAR | Steve Price on SCREAM QUEEN | Alissa Walker on CHICAGO | Helene Silverman on CHINESE SHIPPING BOX | Tim Spencer on SHATTER | Jessamyn West on COMIC SANS | Whitney Trettien on WILKINS’S REAL CHARACTER | Cintra Wilson on HERMÈS vs. HOTDOG | Jacob Covey on GOTHAM.

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2013: HERC YOUR ENTHUSIASM (old-school hip hop tracks): Luc Sante on “Spoonin’ Rap” | Dallas Penn on “Rapper’s Delight” | Werner Von Wallenrod on “Rappin’ Blow” | DJ Frane on “The Incredible Fulk” | Paul Devlin on “The Adventures of Super Rhyme” | Phil Dyess-Nugent on “That’s the Joint” | Adam McGovern on “Freedom” | David Abrams on “Rapture” | Andrew Hultkrans on “The New Rap Language” | Tim Carmody on “Jazzy Sensation (Bronx Version)” | Drew Huge on “Can I Get a Soul Clap” | Oliver Wang on “The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel” | Douglas Wolk on “Making Cash Money” | Adrienne Crew on “The Message” | Dart Adams on “Pak Jam” | Alex Belth on “Buffalo Gals” | Joshua Glenn on “Ya Mama” | Phil Freeman on “No Sell Out” | Nate Patrin on “Death Mix Live, Pt. 2″ | Brian Berger on “White Lines (Don’t Do It)” | Cosmo Baker on “Here We Go (Live at the Funhouse)” | Colleen Werthmann on “Rockit” | Roy Christopher on “The Coldest Rap” | Dan Reines on “The Dream Team is in the House” | Franklin Bruno on The Lockers.

2012: KIRK YOUR ENTHUSIASM (Captain Kirk scenes): Dafna Pleban: Justice or vengeance? | Mark Kingwell : Kirk teaches his drill thrall to kiss | Nick Abadzis: “KHAAAAAN!” | Stephen Burt: “No kill I” | Greg Rowland: Kirk browbeats NOMAD | Zack Handlen: Kirk’s eulogy for Spock| Peggy Nelson: The joke is on Kirk | Kevin Church: Kirk vs. Decker | Enrique Ramirez: Good Kirk vs. Evil Kirk | Adam McGovern: Captain Camelot | Flourish Klink: Koon-ut-kal-if-fee | David Smay: Federation exceptionalism | Amanda LaPergola: Wizard fight | Steve Schneider: A million things you can’t have | Joshua Glenn: Debating in a vacuum | Kelly Jean Fitzsimmons: Klingon diplomacy | Trav S.D.: “We… the PEOPLE” | Matthew Battles: Brinksmanship on the brink | Annie Nocenti: Captain Smirk | Ian W. Hill: Sisko meets Kirk | Gabby Nicasio: Noninterference policy | Peter Bebergal: Kirk’s countdown | Matt Glaser: Kirk’s ghost | Joe Alterio: Watching Kirk vs. Gorn | Annalee Newitz: How Spock wins

2011: KIRB YOUR ENTHUSIASM (Jack Kirby panels): Douglas Rushkoff on THE ETERNALS | John Hilgart on BLACK MAGIC | Gary Panter on DEMON | Dan Nadel on OMAC | Deb Chachra on CAPTAIN AMERICA | Mark Frauenfelder on KAMANDI | Jason Grote on MACHINE MAN | Ben Greenman on SANDMAN | Annie Nocenti on THE X-MEN | Greg Rowland on THE FANTASTIC FOUR | Joshua Glenn on TALES TO ASTONISH | Lynn Peril on YOUNG LOVE | Jim Shepard on STRANGE TALES | David Smay on MISTER MIRACLE | Joe Alterio on BLACK PANTHER | Sean Howe on THOR | Mark Newgarden on JIMMY OLSEN | Dean Haspiel on DEVIL DINOSAUR | Matthew Specktor on THE AVENGERS | Terese Svoboda on TALES OF SUSPENSE | Matthew Wells on THE NEW GODS | Toni Schlesinger on REAL CLUE | Josh Kramer on THE FOREVER PEOPLE | Glen David Gold on JOURNEY INTO MYSTERY | Douglas Wolk on 2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY | MORE EXEGETICAL COMMENTARIES: Joshua Glenn on Kirby’s Radium Age Sci-Fi Influences | Chris Lanier on Kirby vs. Kubrick | Scott Edelman recalls when the FF walked among us | Adam McGovern is haunted by a panel from THE NEW GODS | Matt Seneca studies the sensuality of Kirby’s women | Btoom! Rob Steibel settles the Jack Kirby vs. Stan Lee question | Galactus Lives! Rob Steibel analyzes a single Kirby panel in six posts | Danny Fingeroth figgers out The Thing | Adam McGovern on four decades (so far) of Kirby’s “Fourth World” mythos | Jack Kirby: Anti-Fascist Pipe Smoker

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Chika Azuma is an art director and graphic designer. She lives in New York with her son.