Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz
By: Jacob Mikanowski | Categories: HiLo Heroes, Radium Age SF

Witkiewicz_Quadruple

An army arrives in a small country on the edge of the Eurasian steppe; it meets no opposition. The country’s people have long since been sedated by an invention from the East: the Pill of Murti-Bing, a philosophical system in capsule form which cures their metaphysical distress and reconciles their anguished individuality to the violence of the new regime. So goes the plot of a 1930 science fiction novel by the Polish writer, painter and playwright STANISŁAW IGNACY ITKIEWICZ (1885–1939). Its title, Insatiability, might have been his motto. His thirst for sensation was immense, as was his disgust. He experimented with drugs, painting under the influence of hashish, peyote and cocaine. With his best friend, the anthropologist Bronisław Malinowski, he traveled to the Trobriand Islands to study the habits of primitive man. He fought on the Russian side in WWI, as an officer in an aristocratic regiment, and barely avoided getting lynched when the Revolution began. He took part in orgies and affairs. He drove a fiancée to suicide. He was an eccentric and a prankster, but also cruel: one part Alfred Jarry and two parts Ubu Roi. He spurned all avant-gardes but his own. His written works are pitched between parody and apocalypse; in plays like Tumor Brainowicz, Dainty Shapes and Hairy Apes, The Metaphysics of a Two-Headed Calf, he didn’t bother to separate philosophy from masturbation. He photographed himself compulsively. He was fascinated by grimaces and reflections; his face was a mask that wouldn’t fall off. When a real army from the East arrived, he committed suicide by slitting his throat.

PS: Forty years later the authorities brought his skeleton back from its shallow Ukrainian grave. Fittingly enough, it turned out to be the wrong one: instead of the Nietzschean saboteur, they sent a young girl.

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On his or her birthday, HiLobrow irregularly pays tribute to one of our high-, low-, no-, or hilobrow heroes. Also born this date: August Derleth, Plastic Bertrand.

READ MORE about members of the Modernist Generation (1884–93).

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Jacob Mikanowski is a writer and historian based in Chicago. He writes about movies, books, and Europe east of the Rhine.