In the Sixties and Seventies, American countercultural types embraced certain novels — Siddhartha (1922), Steppenwolf (1927), Narcissus and Goldmund (1930), Journey to the East (1932) — by the German-born Swiss author HERMANN HESSE (1877-1962). The Magic Theatre in San Francisco, not to mention the prog/hard rock bands Yes, Kansas, Hawkwind, and Steppenwolf, paid tribute to Hesse’s shamanistic proto-existentialism; that is, to his obsession with the individual’s noble, alienating quest for “authenticity.” Post-Seventies, we’ve learned to think of Hesse as a Salinger-esque author of quatsch coming-of-age romances beloved by adolescents and adultescents. In fact, Hesse was a psychonaut who roamed far and wide in his travels and studies; an experimentalist (Steppenwolf is a Cubist fiction); a friend of Dadaist Hugo Ball; and the author of a terrific philosophical novel for which all his others were preliminary studies. Written during the 1930s, The Glass Bead Game (1943, aka Magister Ludi) is a Radium Age science fiction that imagines a 25th-century community (Castalia) whose members are dedicated to studying all Eastern and Western arts and scholarship — in order to dialectically synthesize them in a complex game. In the end, Hesse’s protagonist, Knecht, who has become the Magister Ludi, decides that this realization of the utopian Argonaut Folly for which Nietzsche pleads in Human, All Too Human is an ambiguous utopia, and quits it. So much for synthesis!
ALSO BORN THIS DATE: Lindsay Lohan.
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READ MORE about the Psychonauts generation (1874-83).
In 2012–2013, HiLoBooks serialized and republished (in gorgeous paperback editions, with new Introductions) 10 forgotten Radium Age science fiction classics! For more info: HiLoBooks.
MORE RADIUM AGE SCI FI ON HILOBROW: HiLoBooks homepage! | What is Radium Age science fiction? |Radium Age 100: 100 Best Science Fiction Novels from 1904–33 | Radium Age 100: the series | Radium Age Supermen | Radium Age Robots | Radium Age Apocalypses | Radium Age Telepaths | Radium Age Eco-Catastrophes | Radium Age Cover Art (1) | SF’s Best Year Ever: 1912 | Radium Age Science Fiction Poetry | Enter Highbrowism | Bathybius! Primordial ooze in Radium Age sf | War and Peace Games (H.G. Wells’s training manuals for supermen) | Radium Age: Context series | J.D. Beresford | Algernon Blackwood | Edgar Rice Burroughs | Karel Čapek | Buster Crabbe | August Derleth | Arthur Conan Doyle | Hugo Gernsback | Charlotte Perkins Gilman | Cicely Hamilton | Hermann Hesse | William Hope Hodgson | Aldous Huxley | Inez Haynes Irwin | Alfred Jarry | Jack Kirby (Radium Age sf’s influence on) | Murray Leinster | Gustave Le Rouge | Gaston Leroux | David Lindsay | Jack London | H.P. Lovecraft | A. Merritt | Maureen O’Sullivan | Sax Rohmer | Paul Scheerbart | Upton Sinclair | Clark Ashton Smith | E.E. “Doc” Smith | Olaf Stapledon | John Taine | H.G. Wells | Jack Williamson | Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz | S. Fowler Wright | Philip Gordon Wylie | Yevgeny Zamyatin